Bing Crosby

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Age: 111
Birthplace: Tacoma, Washington, USA

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.  

Harry Lillis "Bing" Crosby (May 3, 1903 – October 14, 1977) was an American singer and actor. Crosby's trademark bass-baritone voice made him one of the best-selling recording artists of the 20th century, with over half a billion records in circulation.

A multimedia star, from 1934 to 1954 Bing Crosby was a leader in record sales, radio ratings and motion picture grosses. Crosby's early career coincided with technical recording innovations; this allowed him to develop a laid-back, intimate singing style that influenced many of the popular male singers who followed him, including Perry Como, Frank Sinatra, and Dean Martin. Yank magazine recognized Crosby as the person who had done the most for American G.I. morale during World War II and, during his peak years, around 1948, polls declared him the "most admired man alive," ahead of Jackie Robinson and Pope Pius XII. Also in 1948, the Music Digest estimated that Crosby recordings filled more than half of the 80,000 weekly hours allocated to recorded radio music.

Crosby exerted an important influence on the development of the postwar recording industry. Crosby worked for NBC at the time and wanted record his shows, however, most broadcast networks did not allow recording. This was mainly because of the quality of the recording at the time. While in Europe performing during the war, Crosby had witnessed tape recording, on which The Crosby Research Foundation would come to have many patents. The company also developed equipment and recording techniques such as the Laugh Track which are still in use today. In 1947, he invested $50,000 in the Ampex company, which built North America's first commercial reel-to-reel tape recorder. He left NBC to work for ABC, because NBC was not interested in recording at the time. This proved beneficial because ABC accepted him and his new ideas. Crosby then became the first performer to pre-record his radio shows and master his commercial recordings onto magnetic tape. He gave one of the first Ampex Model 200 recorders to his friend, musician Les Paul, which led directly to Paul's invention of multitrack recording. Along with Frank Sinatra, Crosby was one of the principal backers behind the famous United Western Recorders studio complex in Los Angeles.
During the "Golden Age of Radio," performers often had to recreate their live shows a second time for the west coast time zone. Through the aegis of recording, Crosby constructed his radio programs with the same directorial tools and craftsmanship (editing, retaking, rehearsal, time shifting) being used in motion picture production. This became the industry standard.

Crosby won an Academy Award for Best Actor for his role as Father Chuck O'Malley in the 1944 motion picture Going My Way, and was nominated for his reprise of the role in The Bells of St. Mary's the next year, becoming the first of four actors to be nominated twice for playing the same character. In 1963, Crosby received the first Grammy Global Achievement Award. Crosby is one of the 22 people to have three stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.

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Movie Character Year
Popcorn Two Plus Fours Bing (as The Rhythm Boys) 1930
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Aklmdpqzc1okn6syz3jik924k4j Rhythm on the Range Jeff Larabee 1936
D99oqlrw1mdpqb7hcqxxzleepz Holiday Inn Jim Hardy 1942
Ykhdjtggo0ipaexgvduob1qvcqv Road to Morocco Jeff Peters 1942
Popcorn Road to Victory 1944
55w1okjaohvr2fd2fqkwpgajlbj The Princess and the Pirate Margaret's Sweetheart (uncredited) 1944
Oan5n9wcxhhhdmyzd7xyjczyfme The Bells of St. Mary's Father Chuck O'Malley 1945
Pjivzdjzn613g9bc8rnzuzlkg52 Blue Skies Johnny Adams 1946
Gnlugtvcocwavfuyxjoyz7kmq6x Welcome Stranger Dr. James 'Jim' Pearson 1947
Fjj1lcl8hb1ax6rtg1thtaauapf A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court Hank Martin 1949
Qdwnbkpiy7tulx8oowxwd9gyy2p Top o' the Morning 1949
T2uzlicqyemysxun7htqzkimglp Riding High Dan Brooks 1950
Soa2s5k5wcsvprsiioeujhfayxe Road to Bali George Cochran 1952
6vpawqlei1iisyvgej6liwh3xnb White Christmas Bob Wallace 1954
2sctdyqgfmynput5p5baz4h1zwv Happy Holidays with Bing and Frank Himself 1957
Lvkoebfmusn4a9s1rdhwkqtt1os Robin and the 7 Hoods Allen A. Dale 1964
Ns1mdzvjzron6hybqtedv1us1ls Stagecoach Doc Josiah Boone 1966